Education & Research
The main focus of the Experimental Forest is the practicum for the students who are in forestry and resource studies. The general studies and actual practice in bio-resources and agriculture (including agricultural experience camp, field experiencing, biodiversity experiencing, and introduction to biodiversity) provide hands-on learning for students outside bio-agriculture. the Experimental Forest is not only available to our staff and students but also provide 2-month practicum courses for other colleges and forestry students. Moreover, since 1987, we have started providing practicum for college students in forestry, tourism, and recreation. The number of students who participated in practicum in our experimental
forest between 2003 and 2006 is: 593 students from our forestry and resource studies, 1,581 students from our school who are in other studies, 93 forestry students from other colleges and vocational high schools, and 32 college students who are in tourism and recreation studies.
•Grade 1-9 Curriculum Outdoor Education Promotion and Nature Education
the Experimental Forest has rich biological resources, diversified weathers, and different natural environments, and is an ideal place for promoting outdoor and nature education. In order to meet the public’s needs and help the experimental forest transform in recent years, we have established five nature education areas in Xitou, Fenghuang, Heshe, Dongpu, and Xiaping, and the Wood Utilization and Product Exhibition Center in Shuili. Moreover, we also have a bamboo arboretum (1.95 hectare with 50 species), a fern arboretum (1.2 hectare with 60 species), a conifer specimen arboretum, a moss and lichen specimen park, and a begonia specimen area in Xitou that provide a space for outdoor education.
In recent years, we have actively reinforced our tour-guide services and nature education, and we have provided outdoor and natural education based on the natural and life science studies in Grade 1-9 Curriculum. By combining indoor theoretical learning and outdoor practice, students perform better in natural science studies but also may develop the attitude of protecting the ecology and environment. Between 2003 and 2006, 32,822 individuals from different groups and schools have come to our forest to participate in outdoor and natural education activities.
•Continuing education textbooks and Library
There is a library in the Experimental Forest with a collection of about 10,000 volumes, among which the literatures compiled during the Japanese domination are high in reference values. We are currently actively promoting educational books, and now we have 40 types of extension books, 78 types on forestry monographs, and 19 types on forestry special reports which are accessible to more than 150 related organizations and personnel. The 2006-2007 works include the brochures of Xitou bryophyte, common amphibian insects, and common insects in bamboo forests. Moreover, we have also printed our “the Experimental Forest Research Report, College of Bio-resources and Agriculture, National Taiwan University.” 846 Research Reports have been printed from the first issue (1952) to the 251st issue (March, 2006).
There are more than 130 long-term experimental sites in the Experimental Forest with a total area of 241.926 hectares. These sites are scattered throughout six forest areas in Xitou, Qingshuigou, Shuili, Neimaopu, Heshe, and Duigaoyue. 71 of these sites are executable, totaling 158.915 hectares. A part of the experimental establishments in the Experimental Forest is more than 80 years old, thus demonstrating even greater importance. Based on the nature of research and the purpose of the establishment, the sites are divided into 13 categories: amount of growth, density, configuration, thinning, shade tolerance, breed origin and offspring, seed introduction, afforestation, budding, arboretum, bamboos, others, valuable woods, and reservation woods. In order to make these sites sustainable, they are regularly inspected by our staff menbers, and we are also actively establishing databases that include research project records, research records of long-term experimental sites, and statistics data that can be used for academic purposes and accessed by students. 20 dissertations have been published in the past decade, and a long-term experimental site summary was published in 2006 for research and management purposes.
Experiments are an important goal of the Experimental Forest. We have sufficient funding each year that goes into research, and our staff and researchers are encouraged to participate in the management of our forest and related research. 51 projects have been completed between 2003 and 2006.
We are also working with National Science Council and Council of Agriculture to conduct collaborations. NSC and five other organizations have asked us to conduct the following projects between 2003 and 2006: ecological management, gene preservation, carbon absorption, natural and ecological education, environmental changes monitoring, and landslide restoration. 30 research reports were completed.
The Experimental Forest has been accessed by academic organizations for research purposes, and we have worked with related scholars on the research of biology and environmental resources. Between 2003 and 2006, School of Forestry and Resource Conservation of National Taiwan University and 19 other organizations have completed 33 research reports.
• International academic exchange:
In order to promote the Experimental Forest into the world stage and increase Taiwan’s international status in terms of forestry, we have actively worked with international academic circles in recent years. Between 2004 and 2006, 16 scholars from the U.S. Forest Service, Poland Warsaw University, and France INRA were invited over for academic exchanges. Between 2003 and 2006, 30 persons from our unit have participated in academic seminars held in the University of Illinois (U.S.), Purdue University(U.S.), INRA(France), Tokyo University (Japan), Suncheon Cheongam College(Korea), Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (China), Hunan Botanical Garden(China), and Hangzhou Botanical Garden(China).
Also, between 2005 and 2006, the Experimental Forest received funding from the Council of Agriculture to implement the Taiwan-Franco Forestry Exchange. Besides going to visit INRA, forestry academies, and forestry bureaus in France, we have also invited French scholars to give seminars in Taiwan, and received exchange students from France. Moreover, we also had a professor from Poland Warsaw University to come to our forest in 2006 to conduct surveys on histeridaes, and professors and researchers from Tokyo University came to collect insect samples in 2007.
•The “World-class University Initiative” Project
We are working with NTU’s plan of “World-class University Initiative” and have received a funding of NT $ 2,000,000 in 2006. The money will be used for upgrading information networks, equipment, greenhouses, nursery gardens and teaching-intern restaurants. The funding of NT$ 1,500,000 received in 2007 will be used to upgrade research equipment and computers in Heshe audio-visual rooms to reach the best research effects in the Experimental Forest.
Several well-maintained meteorological observation stations had been established since 1941 and have collected meteorological data for more than 60 years. In response to the researches on forest ecology, the Guanshan Meteorological Observation Station, Xitou Cryptomeria japonica Forest Microclimate Station and Tatajia Picea Forest Microclimate Station, Tatajia Grassland Microclimate Station had been established since 1995, and Xitou Meteorological station is available, which was netted with the Agricultural Meteorology Network, Central Weather Bureau in 1991 for the dense meteorological observation net in Taiwan.